回答10个CBD油问题

2020年6月12日   |   by jones

安娜·马吉(Anna Magee)

11.04,2019

不CBD 油让你高呢?您怎么知道您没有买到狡猾的东西?它的作用是什么?编辑安娜·马吉(Anna Magee)研究了科学,并将这些问题交给了行业中最受信任的健康品牌之一的产品开发人员 。

我是唯一对CBD感到非常困惑的人 吗?

它会让你高涨吗?它会上瘾吗?如何监管?怎么做?与抽烟杂草真的有什么不同吗?

CBD的 格局一直在变化,很难知道该信任谁。

不久前,美国政府拨款300万美元用于CBD 止痛研究的开发 。

然而,正如我们看到的那样, CBD 已被添加到从能量棒到保湿霜再到个人润滑剂(不是在开玩笑)的所有事物中,我们如何才能知道我们不是在购买不可靠的产品?

美国政府拨款300万美元用于CBD 止痛研究的发展

实际上,上个月 阿拉巴马州的CBD产品被发现掺有合成大麻。这不是我愿意冒险的事情,而且随着越来越多的 CBD 产品横穿我的办公桌,我注意到它们的质量范围很广。

有些看起来像他们的标签是在家用打印机上制作的,而且它们的味道就像从字面上吞下的污垢一样。其他人-好吧,如果我说实话,只有少数人-得到我已经信任的公司的支持。

首先,我研究了CBD的研究和安全性 。

1.有什么证据表明它有效?

CBD的 油是大麻二酚的简称,它的功效得到了A级名人的赞誉,其中包括珍妮弗·安妮斯顿(Jennifer Aniston)服用它来治疗关节疼痛,以及维多利亚的秘密模特Allessandra Ambrosio服用它来帮助她入睡。

与此同时,金·卡戴珊(Kim Kardashian )去年夏天举办了一场以 CBD为主题的婴儿洗澡,并鼓励客人混合自己的 CBD 沐浴油。

但是,除了明星代言,还存在什么样的研究?


实际上 ,在美国国家医学图书馆的网站上 有超过2100篇有关CBD的已发表研究 ,这些研究汇编了同行评审的医学期刊,其中超过900篇涉及人类研究。

不过,一些研究人员认为,关于CBD的大多数研究 都是小规模的,需要更多的研究来证明CBD可以在更大的数量上起作用。

我能找到的最佳证据是 CBD 油在以下方面的潜在功效:

关节痛

尽管许多关于CBD 油脂和关节痛的临床研究 都在动物身上进行,但 2017年发表在《临床实验风湿病》杂志上的关于CBD油脂和关节痛的报告的作者 得出结论:“…确实存在的临床前和人类数据表明 CBD 应该认真对待它作为关节痛的潜在治疗方法。”

焦虑

2011年发表在《神经心理药理学》杂志上的研究的作者观察到,“用CBD进行预处理可 显着降低受试者的言语表现中的焦虑,认知障碍和不适感。”

惊恐发作

2017 年在《当代神经药理学》(Current Neuropharmacology)上发表的2017年关于CBD和惊恐发作证据的综述 研究了可用的动物和人类研究,得出的结论是“ CBD 是用于治疗恐慌症的有前途的药物。”

睡觉

哈佛医学院的一份报告说,有很多传闻证明 CBD可以起到助睡眠的作用,而且似乎还进行了一些科学研究。结论是,“对于因失眠而痛苦的患者, CBD 可能有助于入睡和保持睡眠状态”。

2. CBD 油安全吗?

只要您从可以对产品的安全性和成分进行认证的知名供应商那里购买产品(请参阅下文,了解如何操作),并且选择大麻衍生的品种(而不是基于大麻的选择),它就应该是安全的。

世界卫生组织关于 CBD的报告证实,“ CBD通常具有良好的耐受性和良好的安全性。” 报告的不良反应可能是CBD 与患者现有药物之间药物相互作用的结果 。

报告总结说,受控的人体研究尚未发现任何潜在的身体依赖,戒断或耐受的能力,并且与滥用的可能性无关。


其次,为了消除自己对这些东西的实质及其制造方式的困惑,我与BetterYou的产品开发人员Keeley Berry 交谈,他也是营养专家。

BetterYou与学者和大学合作研究他们的产品和Healthista团队,我向他们发誓他们局部使用镁,这确实有助于诱导睡眠并防止肌肉痉挛。

我相信BetterYou是一家提供安全有效的产品,遵守法规准则并了解他们所谈论内容的公司。

所以,当他们带出了NE W¯¯ CBD 口腔喷雾 -这是唯一的液体 CBD 我可以忍受由于其 天然的石灰味道-我决定用得到我的问题回答的机会。

3.现在,什么是 CBD?

CBD 是大麻植物中至少113种已知的大麻素之一。贝里说:“这些植物性大麻素的结构类似于人体自身的大麻素系统,即内源性大麻素系统。”

“体内的大麻素系统负责调节睡眠,食欲,焦虑和疼痛– CBD 结合到人体的一部分大麻素受体上,从而 促进了人体自身大麻素的产生。”

4.您能从CBD获得高 收益吗?

大麻中发现的使您高高的特定大麻素物质称为四氢大麻酚,这是该药的精神活性部分。

“ 工业大麻生产是为基础 CBD 油的生产生长到较低的THC水平和较高的 CBD 产量,” 贝瑞说。


“在这个国家,THC高度- 调节,以确保没有超过每瓶产品的THC的1mg的,因此不会引起精神影响,”巴里说。

这强调从有信誉的公司购买的重要性,能产生对究竟什么是在产品上,包括THC水平(见下文)的认证。

5. CBD 上瘾吗?

贝里说:“由于四氢大麻酚的含量极低,因此没有理由要使CBD油以负责任的方式上瘾。”

6.服用 CBD 油与吸烟大麻有何不同?

用于生产CBD 产品的工业大麻与 用于生产大麻的大麻不同。

大麻的生长和使用会导致THC含量高,因此在英国属于非法产品,因此会上瘾。

贝里说:“尽管吸食大麻可提供多种大麻,但吸食 大麻也有自身的健康风险,在英国是非法的。”

“不仅如此,高水平THC的是来自吸食大麻可诱发影响情绪和行为,并触发依赖长期精神影响- 术语”。

7. 您可以在CBD上服药过量 吗?

“已经有很多研究的疗效和安全性 CBD,如果负责任地使用,是可以安全食用,不应该产生毒性。”巴里说。

“如果发现任何不利影响,最好始终遵循制造商对所购买产品的说明,并咨询GP并停止使用”。

不良影响包括:口干,血压低和嗜睡。

8. 是 CBD 油,火麻仁油是一回事吗?

超市和保健食品商店里都有大麻籽油,然后还有 滴油,胶囊和脸颊喷雾形式的CBD油补充剂。有一个大两者之间的区别。

“火麻仁油从大麻植物的种子制成 的是富含ω-3个6脂肪酸-他们往往在烹调和化妆品中使用,”浆果指出。

大麻种子是一种食物,但是当您开始种植这种植物并 从其叶和茎中提取 CBD油时,您就在谈论 CBD 油的补充剂,并且在英国对它们的生产进行了严格的监管(见下文)。

CBD 油也可以被称为“ 大麻提取物” ,它来自于工业大麻过程,导致高 CBD 和较低THC的农作物–这就是您在CBD 油补充剂中发现的东西 。

9. 如何和在哪里 种植和收获CBD?

在英国,大多数 CBD产品都来自欧盟内部种植的工业大麻,并遵守严格的法律准则。

可以从大麻植物中提取CBD油的三种方法。首先,也是最常见的是,使用乙醇从大麻中提取CBD。或者,使用二氧化碳加热大麻,然后提取生成的油,这称为“超临界CO2提取”。


“在BetterYou,我们目前正在研究用水萃取CBD油的方法,但要在市场上买到它可能还需要一段时间。” Berry补充道。

并非所有的 CBD 产品都具有相同的质量,因此必须寻找可为其产品提供分析结果的可信赖品牌,这一点很重要。

任何生产 CBD 产品的公司都应向消费者提供证明其安全性,其所含四氢大麻酚含量以及生产过程中残留的任何残留溶剂的证书。

“ 鉴于 CBD 石油生产是一个新的领域,你是好您的权利中去问问看这个,” 贝里称。

10. 我需要什么剂量,需要多长时间才能感觉到好处?

CBD 油的影响 因人而异。

贝瑞说:“使用口服喷雾剂或滴管,通常会在30分钟到一个小时内看到这种效果,持续长达六个小时,具体取决于给药剂量。” “从低剂量开始,逐步建立适合每个人的舒适水平非常重要。’

贝里总结说:“我们知道,通过口服喷雾剂传递营养会更加有效,因为它将营养素直接传递到血液中,绕过了消化系统,吸收可能会丢失,或者因人而异。”

服用CBD 油之前,请先咨询您的医生 ,尤其是如果您正在服用其他药物的话。

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Recent Comments

  1. jones

    2020年6月12日 @ 下午5:37

    10 CBD oil questions answered
    Anna Magee
    Anna Magee

    Editor
    Posted November 04, 2019

    Does CBD oil get you high? How do you know you’re not buying something dodgy? What does it work for? Editor Anna Magee looked at the science and put these questions to a product developer from one of the most trusted health brands in the business…

    Am I the only one who is really, really confused about CBD?

    Does it get you high? Is it addictive? How is it regulated? How is it even made? Is it really any different from smoking weed?

    As the editor of Healthista, I’m expected to know these things. But the CBD landscape is changing all the time and it’s hard to know who to trust.

    Not long ago, the US government granted 3 million US to the development of CBD pain relief research.

    And yet, as we see CBD being added to everything from energy bars to moisturisers to personal lubricant (not joking) how can we know we are not buying something dodgy?

    The US government granted3 million to the development of CBD pain relief research

    Indeed, last month CBD products in Alabama were found to be spiked with synthetic marijuana. That’s not something I’m willing to take my chances with and as more and more CBD products cross my desk, I notice a vast range in their quality.

    Some look like their labels have been made on a home printer, and they taste like literally ingesting dirt. Others – well, only a few if I am honest – have the backing of companies I already trust.

    First, I looked at the research and the safety for CBD.

    1. What’s the evidence that it works?
      CBD oil, which is short for cannabidiol, has a world of A-list celebrities vouching for its effectiveness, including Jennifer Aniston who takes it for joint pain and Victoria’s Secret model Allessandra Ambrosio who takes it to help her sleep.

    Meanwhile, Kim Kardashian threw a CBD-themed baby shower last summer where guests were encouraged to blend their own CBD bath oils.

    But celebrity endorsement aside, what kind of research exists?

    CBD
    There are in fact over 2100 published studies relating to CBD on the website of the US National Library of Medicine, which compiles peer-reviewed medical journals and over 900 of them relate to human studies.

    Still, some researchers argue that most of the studies on CBD are small-scale and more research is needed to show that it works on larger numbers.

    The best evidence I could find were for CBD oil’s potential effectiveness for:

    Joint pain

    While many clinical studies on CBD oil and joint pain are on animals, the authors of a report on CBD oil and joint pain published in 2017 in the journal Clinical Experimental Rheumatology concluded that ‘…the preclinical and human data that do exist indicate the CBD should be taken seriously as a potential treatment for joint pain.’

    Anxiety

    The authors of research published in 2011 in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology observed, ‘Pre-treatment with CBD significantly reduced anxiety, cognitive impairment and discomfort in subjects’ speech performance.’

    Panic attacks

    A 2017 review of the evidence for CBD and panic attacks published in 2017 in Current Neuropharmacology looked at the animal and human research available and concluded that ‘CBD was a promising drug for the treatment of panic disorder.’

    Sleep

    There’s a lot of anecdotal evidence for CBD’s effectiveness as a sleep aid and it seems, also, some scientific research, says one report from Harvard Medical School. It concluded that, ‘for patients who suffer through the misery of insomnia, CBD may help with both falling asleep and staying asleep’.

    1. Is CBD oil safe?
      As long as you buy from a reputed supplier who can produce certification on the products’ safety and ingredients – see below on how – and you opt for the hemp-derived variety, as opposed to the marijuana-based option, it should be safe.

    A World Health Organisation report on CBD confirmed that ‘CBD is generally well tolerated with a good safety profile.’ Reported adverse effects may be as a result of drug interactions between CBD and patients’ existing medications.’

    Controlled human studies have not found any potential for physical dependence, withdrawal or tolerance and it is not associated with abuse potential, the report concluded.

    Betteryou CBD spray CBD oil
    Secondly, to allay my own confusion about what the stuff actually is and how it’s made I spoke to a product developer at BetterYou, Keeley Berry, who is also a nutritional expert.

    BetterYou work with academics and universities to research their products and the Healthista team and I swear by their topical magnesium, which really works for helping induce sleep and prevent muscle cramping.

    I trust BetterYou as a company to deliver something safe and effective, abide by regulatory guidelines and to know what they’re talking about.

    So, when they brought out a new CBD oral spray – the only liquid CBD I can stomach thanks to its natural lime flavour – I decided to use the chance to get my questions answered.

    1. Now, what is CBD?
      CBD is one of at least 113 known cannabinoids derived from the hemp plant. ‘These plant-based cannabinoids are similar in structure to the body’s own cannabinoid system, called the endocannabinoid system,’ says Berry.

    ‘The endocannabinoid system in the body is responsible for regulating sleep, appetite, anxiety and pain – CBD binds to part of the body’s endocannabinoid receptors to boost the body’s production of its own cannabinoids’.

    1. Can you get high from CBD?
      The specific cannabinoid substance found in marijuana that makes you high is called THC, and that is the psychoactive part of the drug.

    ‘The industrial hemp production that is the basis for CBD oil’s manufacture is grown to have lower THC levels and higher CBD yields,’says Berry.

    Betteryou CBD spray CBD oil
    ‘In this country, THC is highly–regulated to ensure there is no more than 1mg of THC per bottle of product and therefore will not induce psychoactive effects,’ says Berry.

    This underlines the importance of buying from a reputable company, that can produce certification on exactly what is in the product, including THC levels (see below).

    1. Is CBD addictive?
      ‘Due to extremely low levels of THC, there’s no reason why CBD oil should be addictive when used responsibly,’ says Berry.
    2. What makes taking CBD oil different from smoking cannabis?
      Industrial hemp used to make CBD products is different from marijuana that is used to produce cannabis.

    Marijuana growth and use results in products that are illegal in the UK due to its high THC content, making it addictive.

    ‘Whilst there are a multitude of cannabinoids that smoking marijuana provides, smoking cannabis also has its own health risks and is illegal in the UK,’ says Berry.

    ‘Not only that, the high levels of THC that come from smoking marijuana can induce psychoactive effects that affect mood and behaviour, and trigger dependency long–term’.

    1. Can you overdose on CBD?
      ‘There has been a lot of research into the efficacy and safety of CBD, and if used responsibly, is safe for consumption and should not result in toxicity,’ says Berry.

    ‘It’s always best to stick to the manufacturer’s instructions on the product you’ve purchased and consult a GP and discontinue use if you’re noticing any adverse effects’.

    Adverse effects can include; dry mouth, low blood pressure and drowsiness.

    Bottle with CBD oil, pipette, capsules
    8. Are CBD oil and hemp seed oil are the same thing?
    There’s hemp seed oil at supermarkets and health food stores, and then there are CBD oil supplements that come in dropper, capsule and cheek spray form. There’s a BIG difference between the two.

    ‘Hemp seed oil is made from the seeds of the hemp plant that are rich in omega 3 and 6 fatty acids – they tend to be used in cooking and cosmetics,’ Berry points out.

    Hemp seeds are a food, but when you start growing the plant and extracting CBD oil from its leaves and stalks, then you’re talking about a CBD oil supplement and the manufacture of these is strictly regulated in the UK (see below).

    CBD oil can also be known as ‘hemp extract’ and is derived from the industrial hemp process that results in high CBD and lower THC containing crops – this is what you find in CBD oil supplements.

    1. How and where is CBD grown and harvested?
      Most CBD products that are available in the UK come from industrial hemp grown within the European Union, adhering to strict legal guidelines.

    There are three ways CBD oil can be extracted from the hemp plant. Firstly, and most commonly, ethanol is used to extract the CBD from hemp. Alternatively, carbon dioxide is used to heat up the hemp and the resulting oil is then extracted – this is called ‘supercritical Co2 extraction’.

    Scientist extracting CBD
    ‘At BetterYou we are currently investigating the method of extracting the CBD oil using water, but it may be a while before this is commercially available’ adds Berry.

    Not all CBD products are the same quality so it’s important to look out for trusted brands who can provide analytical results for their products.

    Any company who makes a CBD product should be able to supply a consumer with a certificate confirming its safety, the amount of THC it contains and any residual solvents leftover from the manufacturing process.

    ‘Given that CBD oil production is a new area, you are well within your rights to ask to see this,’ Berry asserts.

    1. What dosage do I need and how long does it take to feel the benefit?
      The effects of CBD oil will vary from person to person.

    ‘With an oral spray or dropper, the effects are usually noticed within 30 minutes to an hour and last up to six hours depending on the dose administered,’ says Berry. ‘It’s important to start with a lower dose and build up to a comfortable level that is right for each individual.’

    ‘We know that delivery via an oral spray can be much more effective as it delivers nutrients directly into the bloodstream, bypassing the digestive system where absorption can be lost, or may vary from person to person’ concludes Berry.

    Talk to your doctor before taking CBD oil, especially if you’re on other medications.

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