健身水平

2020年5月5日   |   by jones

什么是健身水平?

健身水平意味着您的身体承受身体负荷(多少)并及时恢复的能力。
多年来,有许多关于健身与健康相关的研究(主要针对男性),表明锻炼对健康有积极作用。 2005年的一项新计划包括近6,000名芝加哥地区的女性,这些女性接受了运动压力测试,这是圣詹姆斯女性心脏计划的一部分。
拉什大学(Rush University)研究人员玛莎·古拉蒂(Martha Gulati)领导了分析数据的团队。研究人员设计了一个简单的图表,可让您了解您的个人健康水平与同年龄的其他人的健康水平如何匹配。要使用图表,您必须知道自己可以进行多少运动。这可以在健身房中使用跑步机或Health Reviser的健身测试来学习,这是一种计算机测试,使用您自己的生理数据来分析您的健身水平。
Gulati博士指出,‘适合自己年龄的健身水平可以预测更好的生存率。如果您的年龄低于您的健康水平,则您更有可能死亡。’古拉蒂发现,如果女性无法达到其正常年龄的85%的运动水平,则死亡风险会增加一倍。
(古拉蒂的研究发表在2005年8月4日的《新英格兰医学杂志》上。)

为什么了解您的健康水平很重要?

最重要的原因是为了您的健康。

了解当前的健身水平,运动员/妇女和职业运动员将受益匪浅。他们一直在进行大量的训练,这将帮助他们最有效地利用运动课程(例如,在任何一天都需要或多或少地进行强度运动,或者需要休息一天以防止劳累或受伤) )。
同样,了解健康水平将有助于制定计划以达成比赛,跑步等目标的锻炼策略。同样也适用于计划日常/每周锻炼程序的普通人。避免过度训练,训练不足和受伤对每个人都很重要。
结论:
健身水平比大多数人想的更重要,杜克大学研究人员帕梅拉·道格拉斯(Pamela S. Douglas)博士说:“我们的医生通常会检查心电图(EKG)和其他检查来发现心脏疾病,但是事实证明,通过检测能够锻炼多长时间来判断这些也几乎也可以达到同样的效果。这说明,锻炼时间是长寿的重要因素”。道格拉斯警告说,许多认为自己锻炼得不错的人其真实的运动量远远不够,计步器是个好东西,可记录您一天实际要走来多少步。
根据Kramer等人的研究,身体健康对认知能力有积极影响。因此,运动不仅有益于身体健康,对大脑也有益。

References

Chodozko-Zajko, Wojtek J. (1991). Physical fitness, cognitive performance, and aging. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 23(7),868-872.
Etnier, Jennifer L., Salazar, Walter, Landers, Daniel M., Petruzzello, Steven J., Han, Myungwoo, & Nowell, Priscilla. (1997). The influence of physical fitness and exercise upon cognitive functioning: A meta-analysis. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 19(3), 249-277.
Kramer, Arthur F., Hahn, Sowon, Cohen, Neal J., Banich, Marie T., McAuley, Edward, Harrison, Catherine R., Chason, Julie, Vakil, Eli, Bardell, Lynn, Boileau, Richard A., & Colcombe, Angela. (1999). Ageing, fitness and neurocognitive function. Nature, 400(6743), 418-419.
Van Boxtel, Martin P. J., Paas, Fred G. W. C., Houx, Peter J., Adam, Jos J., Teeken, Joep C., & Jolles, Jellemer. (1997). Aerobic capacity and cognitive performance in a cross-sectional aging study. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 29(10), 1357-1365.

Recent Comments

  1. jones

    2020年5月5日 @ 上午10:59

    Fitness Level

    Fitness Level man

    What is fitness level? Your fitness level means your body’s ability to withstand a physical workload (how much) and to recover in a timely manner. There have been numerous studies (mostly for men) about fitness in relation to health over the years showing positive effects of exercise on health. A new one in 2005 included nearly 6,000 Chicago-area women who underwent exercise stress tests as part of the St. James Women Take Heart Project. Rush University researcher Martha Gulati, MD, led the team that analyzed the data. The researchers designed a simple chart that lets you see how your personal fitness level matches up with the fitness of other people your age. To use the chart, you have to know how much exercise you’re able to do. This can be learned in a gym, using a treadmill or the Fitness Test from Health Reviser, which is a computer test that uses your own physiological data to analyze your fitness level. Dr. Gulati noted that ‘having a good fitness level for one’s age predicts better survival. If you are below the fitness level for your age, you are more likely to die.’ Gulati found that women double their risk of death if they can’t exercise at 85% of the level normal for their age. (Gulati’s study appears in the Aug. 4, 2005 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine.)

    Why is it important to know your fitness level?

    The most important reason is for your health.
    Sportsmen/women and professional athletes would benefit greatly from knowing their current fitness level. They are pretty much in training all the time and it would help them get the most efficient use of their exercise sessions (i.e. the need to exercise with more or less intensity on any given day, or take a day of rest to prevent strain or injury). Also, knowing their fitness level would help them plan their exercise strategy with the goal of a championship meet, match, run, etc. The same benefits would apply to a regular person planning their daily/weekly exercise routine. Avoiding overtraining, undertraining and injuries is important to everyone.

    What methods are used to determine fitness level?

    Fitness charts like the one mentioned earlier in this article developed by the researchers of the St. James Women Take Heart Project. It lets you see how your personal fitness level matches up with the fitness of other people your age.
    A home step test (loosely based on the Canadian Home Fitness Test) is another simple test that allows you to gauge fitness level. This test is designed to measure your cardiovascular endurance. Using a 12 inch high bench (or a similar sized stair in your house), step on and off for 3 minutes. Step up with one foot and then the other. Step down with one foot followed by the other foot. Try to maintain a steady four beat cycle. It’s easy to maintain if you say “up, up, down, down”. Go at a steady and consistent pace. At the end of 3 minutes, remain standing while you immediately check your heart rate by taking your pulse for one minute.
    When you find a pulse, count the number of beats you feel within a one minute period. You should always use your fingers to take a pulse, not your thumb, particularly when recording someone else’s pulse, as you can sometimes feel your own pulse through your thumb.
    Fitness level check with a doctor. You can have your fitness level checked by your doctor at your next visit.
    The best test and by far the most accurate is Health Reviser’s Fitness Test.
    Fitness Test. You simply plug in the USB pulse wave sensor to your computer, attach the ear-clip to your earlobe or a finger, sit down, relax and follow the simple instructions on your screen. Your physiological data is monitored in just 3 minutes. During the test you are prompted to stand up, which is needed to collect information on your body’s reaction to a physical action. Fitness Test Tool has a very sensitive device that monitors your body’s physiological response and the recovery time. Health Reviser then compares your results with thousands of people in order to give you a detailed report about your fitness level. The tool also records your data and allows you to track your progress day by day, week by week. The information you get can help you plan your fitness strategy according to your overall state of wellness on any given day, which helps prevent overtraining, undertraining and injuries. Fitness Test from Health Reviser is the fastest and most reliable fitness level calculation tool in the healthcare market today.

    In conclusion:

    An individual’s fitness level is much more important than most people realize. Pamela S. Douglas, MD, a Duke University researcher, says, “We doctors usually look at electrocardiograms [EKGs] and other tests to see heart trouble — but it turns out how long you can exercise is almost as important. If you are well, how long you can exercise is more important than any other variable in determining how long you live.” Douglas warns that many people who think of themselves as active are getting much less exercise than they need. That’s why she says pedometers are a great idea. The devices measure how many steps you really take in a day.
    One final note: According to the research done by Kramer et al. (1999), Chodozko-Zaijko (1991), Van Boxtel et al. (1997) and Etnier et al. (1997), physical fitness has a positive impact on cognitive performance. So not only does your physical health benefit from exercise, your brain does also.

    References

    Chodozko-Zajko, Wojtek J. (1991). Physical fitness, cognitive performance, and aging. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 23(7),868-872.
    Etnier, Jennifer L., Salazar, Walter, Landers, Daniel M., Petruzzello, Steven J., Han, Myungwoo, & Nowell, Priscilla. (1997). The influence of physical fitness and exercise upon cognitive functioning: A meta-analysis. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 19(3), 249-277.
    Kramer, Arthur F., Hahn, Sowon, Cohen, Neal J., Banich, Marie T., McAuley, Edward, Harrison, Catherine R., Chason, Julie, Vakil, Eli, Bardell, Lynn, Boileau, Richard A., & Colcombe, Angela. (1999). Ageing, fitness and neurocognitive function. Nature, 400(6743), 418-419.
    Van Boxtel, Martin P. J., Paas, Fred G. W. C., Houx, Peter J., Adam, Jos J., Teeken, Joep C., & Jolles, Jellemer. (1997). Aerobic capacity and cognitive performance in a cross-sectional aging study. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 29(10), 1357-1365.

Leave Your Comment

关注我们的微信公众号获取更多健身信息
蜀ICP备15013372号